Internet has evolved to send a much greater proportion of traffic down to the user relative to the amount of traffic sent back up to the Networks. The rapid rise in demand for high-bandwidth applications, such as online video and gaming, have accelerated the proportion of downstream traffic on the wired Internet to as much as 90%.
For many decades, regulators across the world have generally licensed spectrum in paired bands, whereby 50% of the spectrum was allocated to the downlink and 50% was allocated to the uplink. These allocations made sense in the “old world” of wireless in which 2-way voice was the predominant use for the spectrum.
In the new world, mobile broadband is the primary driver of traffic growth and most of the traffic consumption is flowing downstream from the network to the mobile device, which is similar to the wireline experience. This is a huge shift for network traffic management Continue reading Why Paired Band Spectrum Makes Less Sense in an Era of Mobile Broadband Apps ?
It is surprising that despite Multi Billionaire Dollar Spectrum Scam, the same officers continue to occupy the seats of power and write the rules for M&A. We’d like to highlight without naming anybody on how Massive Corruption & Intense Lobbying is happening in the Indian Telecom Sector evident from the changing rules and funding to the pockets of Central Government Politicians & Officials.
The following TimeLine Shows the changing rules on M&A without anything emerging clearly, Continue reading M&A in Indian Telecom – Corruption & Intense Lobby Influence Rules for Spectrum
Guess most of the Telecom Analysts missed the TRAI Open House Discussion on Telecom Spectrum Auction & Pricing event held in New Delhi late last month. However, here is what we are picking up from our interactions with Analysts who were in the meeting.
There was Visible Opposition from some quarters (primarily CDMA operators and consumer groups) over the reduction of Spectrum Prices. However, analyzing the underlying tone of TRAI officials we understand that TRAI is inclined towards a significant reduction in reserve price. TRAI chairman repeatedly referred to the precarious economic situation as a context to set realistic reserve prices, and also explained that small (10-20%) reductions in reserve price in multiple steps will do more harm than good. Continue reading TRAI Open House – Lower Spectrum Prices, 900Mhz ReFarming, Spectrum Trading & E-GSM Band
The Indian Telecom Regulator, TRAI has issued a consulting paper on the Auctioning of 800,900 and 1800MHz Telecom Spectrum. After a Thorough study of the same over the weekend we think that it addresses few issues but is not able to foresee things beyond and we raise few question on the same.
What does the TRAI Paper Address ?
- In our view, the consultation paper revealed the regulator’s clear bias towards a reduction in the spectrum reserve price to be in line with the industry’s poor financial health.
- Revisiting legacy issues such as escalating SUC, rollout obligations and feasibility of spectrum trading
- Acknowledgment of the presence of too many telcos and the need for the consolidation.
What the TRAI paper does not Address ? Continue reading TRAI Paper on Telecom Spectrum Auction 800,900,1800MHz Addresses few Issues but InComplete
Finally, Incumbent Operators led by Airtel, Idea and Vodafone have laid to rest the conflict of 1800MHz Spectrum with new operators and Dual technology Operators [ RCom and Tata DoCoMo]. Mr. Sudhir Gupta, Principal Adviser for Spectrum, TRAI clarified on the 1800MHz Spectrum which was bone of contention. Mr Gupta said,
Dual technology licensees (RCOM and Tata Teleservices) are not liable to pay for GSM spectrum (4.4MHz) as the original licenses were awarded in 2001. The allotment of GSM spectrum was as per the amendment of license conditions (conversion to UASL licenses) and no separate licenses were issued in 2008. The Supreme Court order quashed the ‘licenses’ awarded in 2008 and, hence, does not cover the dual-tech license holders. However, the GSM spectrum would be held by these operators till validity of their original licenses, i.e. 2021 (and not for a 20-year period till 2028).
The Government in November decided to exempt from payment of fees for 4.4MHz startup spectrum for incumbent operators thus buying peace for both the parties. Continue reading 1800MHz Spectrum Conflict is History, Contention for 900Mhz Refarming and 800MHz for GSM – NTP 2012, M&A Guidelines
The so called Indian Empowered Group of Ministers (EGoM) who slept over the 2G Spectrum Scam now have decided on partial re-farming of the 900MHz spectrum, wherein incumbent operators [Airtel, Vodafone, Reliance Telecom(GSM), Idea] can retain up to 2.5MHz of spectrum and have to surrender the remaining spectrum for auction. Why just 2.5MHz ? Since they have already rolled out services, let them continue so there is no disruption of services. And to strike a balance with new operators, let them win 2.5Mhz in a separate auction, seems to be the logic. 900MHz spectrum will have to be pooled in for auctions before the respective renewal period. However, this is not final and TRAI is likely to issue a consultation paper and then recommend suitably to the DoT. Continue reading India 900MHz Telecom Spectrum – Partial Refarming Certain, TRAI Pricing Model Ridiculous, Impact on Operators